The prostate is a small gland in men. It is part of a man’s reproductive system. The prostate is almost the size and shape of a walnut. It is located below the pelvis, below the bladder and almost opposite the rectum.
How the prostate changes when one age
Since the prostate gland tends to grow with age, it can press on the urethra and cause problems in passing urine. Sometimes men in their 30s and 40s can start having these urinary symptoms and need medical attention. For others, the symptoms of prostatic hypertrophy are not felt until much later in life. Here are urinary symptoms.
- Tell your doctor if you have these urinary symptoms:
- You need to urinate more times during the day
- Urgent need to urinate
- Has a lower flow of urine
- Feels burning when urinating
- You need to get up many times at night to urinate
Old age increases your risk of prostate problems. The three most common prostate problems are inflammation (prostatitis), an enlarged prostate (BPH, or benign prostatic hyperplasia), and prostate cancer.
Changes in the prostate those are not cancerous
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland that can result from a bacterial infection. It affects at least half of all men at some point in their life. Having this condition does not increase your risk of another prostate disease.
- Symptoms of prostatitis
- Problems urinating
- Feeling of burning or pain when urinating
- A strong and frequent urge to urinate, even when there is only a small amount of urine
- Chills and high fever
- Lower back pain or pains in the body
- Low pain in the belly, in the groin or behind the scrotum
- Pressure or pain in the rectum
- Discharge through the urethra that accompanies bowel movements
- Genital and rectal palpitation
- Sexual problems and lack of libido
- Ejaculation (painful sexual orgasm)
Several tests, such as digital rectal exam and urinalysis, can be done to see if you have prostatitis. The correct diagnosis of your exact type of prostatitis is critical to get the best treatment. Even if you do not have symptoms, you should follow your doctor’s advice to complete the treatment.
Types of prostatitis and treatments:
Acute bacterial prostatitis:
This type is caused by a bacterial infection and appears suddenly. The symptoms are severe chills and fever. There is often blood in the urine. The concentration of your PSA may be higher than normal. You need to go to the doctor’s office or to the emergency room for treatment. It is the least common of the four types, but it is easier to diagnose and prostatic hyperplasia treatment.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis:
Also caused by bacteria, this type of prostatitis does not appear suddenly, but it can be problematic. The only symptoms you may have are bladder infections that come back. The cause may be a defect in the prostate that allows bacteria to accumulate in the urinary tract.
The treatment with antibiotics in a long period of time is the best for this type. The treatment lasts from 4 to 12 weeks. This type of treatment resolves about 60% of cases. Antibiotics for a long time and in low doses can help relieve symptoms in cases that do not go away.
Chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome:
This disorder is the most common type of prostatitis but it is also the least understood. It is found in men of any age from the last years of youth to old age, its symptoms may appear and disappear without warning. There may be pain or discomfort in the groin or area of the bladder. Often, cells that fight infection are present, even though no bacteria are found.
Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis:
With this condition, there are no symptoms. It is often found when tests are done for other conditions, such as to determine the cause of infertility or to look for prostate cancer. If you have this type of prostatitis, your PSA test may show a higher than the normal number.
Enlarged prostate (HPB)
BPH means benign prostatic hyperplasia. Benign means “that is not cancerous” and hyperplasia means abnormal growth of cells. The result is that the prostate becomes enlarged. BPH cure is not related to cancer and does not increase your risk of prostate cancer-however; the symptoms of BPH and prostate cancer may be similar.